History

As a research institute, the role of ILETRI began before the Independence Day through Experimental Station or Kebun Percobaan (KP) in some areas in East Java. Dealing with the changing of strategic environment and the development demands, the institution changed its name, mandate and working area until it becomes ILETRI.

In 1968, the government established the Central Institute of Agricultural Research or Lembaga Pusat Penelitian Pertanian (LP3) in Bogor, and the Experimental Stations (KP) were integrated in the East Java LP3. In the same time, LP3 changed into Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development (ICFORD) or Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan (Puslitbangtan) in 1980, East Java LP3 was renamed into Malang Research Institute for Food Crops (Balittan Malang) with a mandate to conduct research of food crops (rice and pulses), with working area in East Java and East Indonesia.

Since December 13th, 1994, Balittan Malang turned into Balai Penelitian Tanaman Kacang-Kacangan dan Umbi-Umbian (Balitkabi). With this new status, a commodity handled by ILETRI was focused on a variety of legumes and tuber crops, but the working area was widened into the national territory (all areas of Indonesia).

On March 11th, 2013, through the Minister of Agriculture’s Decree No. 23 / Permentan / OT.140 / 3/2013, Balai Penelitian Tanaman Kacang-Kacangan dan Umbi-Umbian turned into Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi with the same abbreviations, Balitkabi. The mandatory commodities and the working areas were unchanged.


Vision and Mission

Vision

Being a leading and trusted research and development institute of various legumes and tubers in realizing sustainable bio-industry agricultural systems.

Mission

  1. Producing and developing science and technology and recommending technical policy of the development of various legumes and tubers crops according to user needs
  2. Improving the professionalism of research, service, dissemination, and innovative technological transformation of various legumes and tuber crops
  3. Improving the quality
  4. Building the capacity and the performance of ILETRI
  5. Optimizing the utilization of human resources to support research and to develop and encourage the functional interrelationships between stakeholders and users of science and technology.

Motto

Work Sincerely, High Productivity


Laboratories

ILETRI is supported by nine laboratories, with reliable laboratory assistants. Three laboratories: Soil and Plant Lab, Chemistry and Food Technology Lab, and Seed Quality Testing Lab have been accredited by KAN. Quality assurance and accreditation / certification can only be achieved when the laboratory can apply Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) and Quality Management System (QMS) in doing all activities. GLP and QMS can be done through the implementation of accreditation / certification system on the basis of ISO / IEC 17025: 2005 (GLP) and ISO 9001: 2008 (QMS).


Soil and Plant Laboratory (Accredited)

Soil and Plant Laboratory serves analysis services for both internal and public. Analysis services include: analysis of soil water content, pH (H2O and KCl), N Total Kjehdal, available P (Olsen / Bray), P and K-potential (HCl 25%). In addition, this Lab serves plant tissue analysis, Al-dd / H-dd analysis, organic fertilizer analysis, inorganic fertilizer analysis and water analysis.


Chemistry and Food Technology Laboratory (Accredited)

Laboratory of Food and Chemistry serves analysis of water content, ash content, fat content, and protein content. Services outside the scope of accreditation are fiber analysis, pH, viscosity, total acid, reducing sugar, starch, amylose, and HCN. In addition, it also processes varieties candidates and superior varieties of various legumes and tuber crops to become various food products which are suitable for promotion / dissemination in order to accelerate the adoption by farmers and the use by food industry.


Seed Quality Testing Laboratory (Accredited)

Seed Quality Testing Laboratory gives services in the analysis of water content, seed purity and germination of soybean, peanuts and mung beans based on the method of ISTA (International Seed Testing Association).


Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Germplasm

Breeding and Germplasm Laboratory is a leading laboratory which supports breeding and germplasm of variety of legumes and tuber crops. To support breeding research towards molecular, molecular biology lab will be prepared. Breeding and Germplasm Laboratory has four cold storages and two refrigerated rooms for storing various legumes germplasm collections and breeding genetic material.

Until 2016, the collection of genetic resources (Sumber Daya Genetik) has reached 666 accessions for soybean, 554 (peanuts), 1074 (mung beans), 325 (cassava), and 331 (sweetpotato).


Soil Microbiology Laboratory

Microbiology Laboratory soil conducts extensive research supporting cultivation technology of various legumea and tuber crops. The research activity is mainly carried out on bacteria that are beneficial for soil such as P solvent bacteria and N fastening bacteria, making the inoculants of Rhizobium bacteria and P solvent to plant various legumes. Bacteria beneficial for soil which have been generated are: N fastening bacteria inoculants (Rhizobium) and P solvent bacteria inoculants (Pseudomonas sp., Basil sp.).


Entomology Laboratory

Entomology Laboratory supports all activities of the plant protection against pests of various legumes and tuber crops. The main activities in the entomology lab are rearing major pests of various legumes and tuber crops and manufacturing botanical pesticides and biological agents. Rearing activities are conducted primarily on a major pest of soybeans, peanuts, mung beans, sweet potatoes, and cassava. The botanical pesticide is made with the basic ingredients of mimba leaves and seeds, clove oil, mahogany seeds, soursop leaves, sugar apple srikaya seeds and leaves. The biological agent such as Spodoptera litura Polyhidrosis virus (SlNPV) JTM97c can be used as the biological agent of armyworms, and can also kill leaf roller caterpillars, span caterpillars, and pod borer. NPV biological agent can be used for other plant pests of Lepidoptera order such as cabbage pests. Entomo-patogen fungus L. lecanii Zimm (Bio-Lec) biological agent potentially controls soybean pod sucking bug R. linearis.


Mycology Laboratory

Mycology Laboratory supports disease research activities of various legumes and tuber crops, especially those caused by fungi. This laboratory has equipments including a stereo microscope, binocular microscope, laminar air flow, and so forth. Mycology Laboratory deals with research especially on wilt disease caused by Rhizoctonia and S. rolfsii on soybeans, mung beans, and peanuts; leaf spot disease (Cercospora) on soybean, mung beans, peanuts and sweet potatoes; rust disease on soybeans and groundnuts; and Scab on sweet potatoes.


Bacteriology Laboratory

Bacteriology Laboratory supports research on plant intruder organism caused by bacteria. Activity in Bacteriology Laboratory includes the study of bacteria that infect soybeans, groundnuts, cassava, CBB disease. Besides examining the bacteria which infect plants, it is also conducting research on bacteria which are useful as biological control agents such as bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pf) which can be used for controlling diseases caused by soil-borne pathogens from fungi such as Rhizoctonia, S. rolfsii, Fusarium, Aspergillus, and others.


Agricultural Mechanization Laboratory

Agricultural Mechanization Laboratory of ILETRI (Laboratorium Mekanisasi Pertanian/LMP-ILETRI) is one of the laboratories which support the research activities on agricultural mechanization of legumes and tuber crops commodities in the perspective of Food Plants based Bio-industry Farming Systems development. LMP-ILETRI has facilities such as (1) Dynamic Systems Laboratory (LSD), (2) Physical and Thermal Character Laboratory (LSFP), and (3) Appropriate Agricultural Machinery Engineering (BRAT). LMP-ILETRI has got the patent of: corn sheller tool, corn sheller machine, groundnut quick dryer, soybean stover quick dryer and soybean seed grader with oval hole type vibratory filter. Services which can be provided include:

  • Training in “Measurement of some physical and thermal character of soybean seeds”
  • Training in “System and simulation models of result potency approach to support the release of soybean varieties”
  • Training in “Creating simulation models of soybean self-sufficiency”

Introduction

Balai Penelitian Tanaman Kacang dan Umbi (Balitkabi) or Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI) is one of the Technical Implementation Units (UPT) of  Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) who has the task to study a variety of legumes and tuber crops. The research conducted is on the disciplines of plant morphology and physiology, ecology, entomology, and phytopathology. Its activities include ecophysiology research, plant breeding, pests and diseases control, seeding and germplasm utilization of various legumes and tubers, as well as research on farming system technology component and  yield management of  various legumes and tuber crops.

The main commodities which become the mandates and the activities of ILETRI are: soybeans, peanuts, mung beans, cassava, and sweetpotatoes. In addition, ILETRI also gives considerable attention to the development of various commodities of potential legumes such as cowpeas, pigeon peas, lablabs, lentils, and various potential tubers such as arrowroots, cannas, taros, and caladiums.

Since 2014, ILETRI has been officially stated as Research Center of Excellence or Pusat Unggulan Iptek (PUI) by the Research and Technology Ministry of Higher Education, with the Decree of Research and Technology Minister Number 48 / M / Kp / XII / 2014 dated December 16, 2014. At present, along with 45 other PUI (including PUI at University), ILETRI develops science and technology in Indonesia through research and development in its field.

ILETRI office is located in Malang, with five experimental stations in Genteng (Banyuwangi), Muneng (Probolinggo), Kendalpayak (Malang) and Jambegede (Malang), as well as Ngale (Ngawi).